Host city of the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XII Paralympic Winter Games Resort capital of Russia
The history of the city dates back to the 5th century BC, when the site of present Sochi extended to the Bosporan kingdom. Then Caucasian people lived there, and in the mid 19th century the active development of these areas began by the Russian state. The Soviet period of the country secured the status of Sochi as an "All-Union health resort", and after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the city was in effect the only Black Sea resort in Russia.
Today, Sochi is not only hotels and beaches. It is also a place where you can find many curious tourist attractions: the Cathedral of Archangel Michael, the temple of Holy Prince Vladimir, the "Tree of Friendship" Garden Museum, the lighthouse at the port, the Art Museum, the Winter Theatre, a unique collection of subtropical plants at the Arboretum, and Bestuzhev park in Adler, which in 2013 will be 100 years old. Architectural monuments include the buildings of Sochi railway station and the port.
After Sochi won the right to host the Winter Olympics in 2014, the city began large-scale building aimed not only at the construction of the Olympic venues, but also at modernizing the city as the world year-round resort.
Sochi has always been a sports town. Tennis, swimming and sailing have been the hallmark of the resort for decades. Here, famous tennis player Yevgeny Kafelnikov was born, and Maria Sharapova took her first steps as a tennis player in Sochi. The spa town is home to the famous footballer of the USSR team Slava Metreveli, basketball players Zakhara Pashutina and Yevgeny Pashutin, and twice bobsleigh Winter Olympics medalist Aleksey Voyevoda.
The first name of the Russian settlement on the site of Sochi was Fort Alexander. Then it was called Navaginsky fortress, then Novosochinskoe fortress, and from 1864, Dakhovsky post, and only in 1896 was it renamed Sochi Posad.
The origin of the name of the city is not fully clear. According to one version, the word "sshatche" was used by the local people to mean "place by the sea". According to another version, Sochi is a distortion of the word "shacha", meaning "sell the head". In the location of the modern resort, slave markets were held.
According to one legend, Prometheus, who stole fire from the Olympian gods to give it to people was chained to the rocks is in the region of modern Sochi in punishment for his action. Sochi is the second-longest city in the world after the Mexican capital, Mexico City. Sochi stretches for 148 km along the coastline. Greater Sochi stretches from the village of Magri to the border with Abkhazia.
The first resort complex, Kavkazskaya Riviera, was opened in Sochi in 1909. Kichmay, located in Lazarev region of Greater Sochi, is known for living descendants of Shapsugs and Ubykhs: ancient peoples and indigenous peoples of this location. The nature here is of interest: there are 33 mountain waterfalls in Kichma, a place of pilgrimage for tourists.
Ahshtyrskaya cave in Adler district of Sochi is the habitat of ancient man. It is listed as a World Heritage Site. On the territory of Khosta region are such interesting places for tourists as Matsesta, Mount Akhun, Orlinye Rocks, Agurskye waterfalls, Yew-tree grove and Vorontsov caves.
Volkonsky dolmen, located in a district of Sochi, in the village of Volkonsky is the world's only preserved monolithic type dolmen. The first tea plantation in the territory of Sochi is located in the village of Solokhaul. It appeared in 1901.
In Sochi the following prominent politicians, public figures, pop stars and show business were born: Vitaly Ignatenko, Andrey Grigoriev-Apollonov, Mikhail Galustyan, Grigoriy Leps and Stas Mikhailov.
Many Russian films were shot n the capital of the Winter Olympic Games of 2014. They include "The Diamond Arm", "Adventures of Prince Florizel," "The Woman Who Sings", "Be My Husband," "Amphibian Man" and many others.
Citizens from foreign countries taking part in the the Sochi 2014 Paralympic Torch Relay:
Bashforth Ann Kirsty
Caithness Catherine Thomson
Collis Gemma Louise
Craven Philip Lee
Dean Nicholas Grant
Jarvis Patrick Douglas
Kale Duane Paul
Kim Hak Sung
Mello Mariana Viera de
Na Kyung Won
Neeser Schlegel Hans Peter
Nicholson Todd Stuart
Norman Andrew Philip
Parsons Andrew George William
Pettersson Michael John
Sagarra Gadea Miguel
Seo Vo Ra Mi
van Westenbrugge Hendrikus Cornelis
White Andrew Stanley
Wong Choi Nee
- Sochi 2014 Paralympic Torch Relay reveals new Russia without disability barriers and stereotypes
Sochi, 07.03.2014 12:00Ahead of the Sochi 2014 Paralympic Winter Games that are acting as a catalyst to create a barrier-free environment and positively change perceptions about disability in Russia, the Sochi 2014 Paralympic Torch Relay concluded after a 10 day route that saw the flame travel to 45 cities across every federal district in Russia.
- rt.com: Paralympic flames from 45 Russian cities unified in Sochi
Sochi, 06.03.2014 18:07The Paralympic flames arrived in Sochi late on Wednesday for the final stage of the torch relay, which will conclude at the opening ceremony of the XI Winter Games on Friday.
- The united Paralympic cauldron was lit from the torches from the Russian cities
Sochi, 05.03.2014 17:38The final stage of the Paralympic Torch Relay, that will take place on the territory of Sochi, began with the Paralympic Flame Lighting Ceremony of the flames ignited for 10 days in 45 cities across the country.
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